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現在位置:首頁 > 科學普及 > 科普文章 > 動物大觀
鐵甲依然著,巴呆依然愛
2019-11-19 | 作者:李權 | 來源:獸類生態與進化組 | 【小  大】【打印】【關閉】

  QIANLIANGRI,YOUPENGYOUFALAIREBODIANSHIJU《JIUZHOUPIAOMIAOLU》ZHONGDEYIGEPIANDUAN,RANGWORENYIRENNANZHUJIAOASULEYANGDEYIZHIXIAOFEISHU“BADAI”。WOYIKAN,ZHEBUJIUSHIZUIJINZHENGZAIYANJIUDEXIBOLIYAFEISHUMA。 

左右棋牌  XIBOLIYAFEISHU(Pteromys volans)SHIWUSHUZHONGDEYIZHONG。ZHEZHONGFEISHUGUANGFANFENBUYUOUYADALUBEIBUDESENLINZHONG,WOGUODONGBEIDIQUHEXINJIANGBEIBUYEYOUYESHENGZHONGQUNFENBU。TIDAOWUSHU,BUJIUQIANMEITIGANGBAODAOLEKEXUEJIAFAXIANGAOLIGONGBISHIWUSHUXINZHONG,JINTIANWOMENJIUBAHUATIKUODAYIDIAN,GAISHUYIXIASUOYOUXIANSHENGDEHUAXIANGBURUDONGWU。 

  SUIRANKANQILAIXIANG,DANQISHISHISILEIFEICHANGBUTONGDEDONGWU 

  WOMENXIANLAIKANYIXIATU1ZHONGDESIGEXIAODONGWU。SHIBUSHIJUEDETAMENSUIRANMAOSEYOUXIEXUBUTONG,DANZHENGTISHANGHUANSHITINGXIANGDE:DOUSHISONGSHUYIYANGDESHENQU,ZAISHENTICEMIANYOUCHANGCHULE“ROUCHI”。 

  QISHI,ZHESIGEDONGWUFENBIEJINHUAZIFEICHANGBUTONGDEZUXIAN:ASHIZHUYAOFENBUYUDAYANGZHOUDEHUAXIANGYOUDAILEI(Gliding Marsupials);BSHIGUANGFANFENBUYUOUYADALUHEBEIMEISENLINDIDAIDEWUSHU(Flying Squirrels); CSHIDONGNANYATEYOUDEWUHOU(Colugos);DSHIFEIZHOUZHONGXIBUTEYOUDELINWEISONGSHU(Scaly-tailed Flying Squirrels)。 

  TAMENWAIMAOXIANGSISHIYINWEIDOUXUANZELE“YEXING、SHUQI、HUAXIANG”ZHETIAOLUZI,QUTONGJINHUADEJIEGUO。JIUHAOBIYULONG、SHAYU、HAITUNZHESANLEIWANQUANBUTONGDEDONGWUWEILESHIYINGHAILIGAOSUYOUYONGDESHENGHUO,DOUCHANGCHULEFANGCHUIXINGDESHENQU;WEILEZHUAZHUSHIHUADEYU,YOUDOUCHANGCHULEDINGZHUANGDEYACHI。 

  

  TU1SILEIHUAXIANGBURUDONGWU:AHUAXIANGYOUDAILEI,BWUSHU,CWUHOU,DLINWEISONGSHU(JIANTOUSHIWEIBULINPIAN)。LAIYUAN:A Joe McDonald, B ALEXANDER V. BADYAEV, C chevans9, D Kika Lexova。

  WEIHUAXIANGCHANGCHULEYIMO、YIJIANHEDACHANGTUI 

左右棋牌  HUAXIANGBURUDONGWUZUIYOUTESEDEJIEGOUJIUSHIYIMOXITONGLE。ZUIWANZHENGDEYIMOXITONGYOUSIBUFENZUCHENG:BOZIHESHOUBEIQIANBUZHIJIANDEQIANYIMO,SHOUZHI、JIAOZHIZHIJIANDEZHIYIMO,QIANHOUZHIZHIJIANDECEYIMOHEHOUZHIHOUCEYUWEIBAZHIJIANDEWEIYIMO(TU2)。 

左右棋牌  SILEIHUAXIANGBURUDONGWUZHONG,ZHIYOUWUHOUTONGSHIJUBEISIZHONGYIMO,ERSHENGXIADESANLEIDOUMEIYOUZHIYIMO。YIGEZONGTIDEQUSHISHI,TIZHONGYUEDA,YIMODEZONGMIANJIYUEDA,WEIYIMOYEYUEFADA。 

  

  TU2 SILEIHUAXIANGBURUDONGWUDEYIMOJIEGOU:AHUAXIANGYOUDAILEI,BWUSHU,CWUHOU,DLINWEISONGSHU。LAIYUAN《Gliding Mammals of the World》(Jackson and Schouten 2012)

左右棋牌  DIERGEWEIHUAXIANGERSHENGDEJIEGOUSHIYIJIAN,JIUSHISHOUBEIWAICEXIANGWAIJINYIBUSHENCHUYIGEFUSHUJIEGOU。CONGZHEGETEZHENGKEYIKANCHUJILEIHUAXIANGBURUDONGWUDEQUBIE,TONGSHIYESHITAMENLAIZIBUTONGZUXIANDEZHENGJU:WUHOUMEIYOUYIJIANJIEGOU(TU2C);DABUFENHUAXIANGYOUDAILEIYEMEIYOU(TU2AZUO),DANQIZHONGYIZHONGDADAIWU(Petauroides volans)CHIGUDEYINGZUITU(ZHOUGUANJIEWAICE)YANCHANGBINGFUSHENGYIGEXIAODERUANGUCI(TU2AYOU,TU3A);LINWEISONGSHUYESHIZAICHIGUDEYINGZUITUXIANGWAISHENCHUYIGENDADEGOUZHUANGRUANGU(TU2D,TU3B);WUSHUZESHIZAIWANGUANJIEWAICESHENCHUYIGENDADEZHUZHUANGRUANGU(TU2B,TU3C)。 

  ZHEXIEBUTONGXINGSHIDEYIJIANZUOYONGDOUSHIZAIBUYANCHANGQIANZHICHANGDUDEQINGKUANGXIAKUODAYIMOMIANJI,JINERZENGJIAHUAXIANGDEXIAOLVHEWENDINGXING,LEISIPINGSHIWOMENZUOFEIJISHIKANDAOFEIJICHIBANGJIANDUANNEIGEKEYISHANGXIABAIDONGDEJIEGOU。JUCESUANYIJIANKEYIJIANGDIFEIXINGZHONG20%DEZULI,TISHENG9%DESHENGZUBI。 

  

  TU3 SANZHONGYIJIANJIEGOU:ADADAIWU(HUAXIANGYOUDAILEI)YANCHANGDECHIGUYINGZUITU,BLINWEISONGSHUZHOUBUDEGOUZHUANGRUANGU,CWUSHUWANBUDEZHUZHUANGRUANGU。LAIYUAN《Gliding Mammals of the World》(Jackson and Schouten 2012)

  CHULEYIMOHEYIJIANZHELIANGGEZUIZHUYAODEHUAXIANGSHIYINGWAI,HUAXIANGBURUDONGWUDEGUGEHEWEIYEJINXINGLEXIANGYINGDESHIYINGXINGJINHUA。TAMENDEGUGE(YOUQISHISIZHIGU)XIANGBIFEIHUAXIANGDEJINYUANZHONGFASHENGLEMINGXIANDEYANCHANG,ZHEYANGJIUNENGFUZHUGENGDAMIANJIDEYIMO。 

左右棋牌  BULUNQINYUANGUANXIRUHE(WUHOUCHUWAI),HUAXIANGBURUDONGWUDEWEIBAXINGZHUANG,DOUYOU“TIXINGYUEXIAO,WEIBACEBIAN;TIXINGYUEDA,WEIXINGYUEXIANGYUANZHUXINGZHUANHUA”DEQUSHI。LINWEISONGSHUDEWEIBAFUMIANWEIJI1/4-1/3HUANSHENGYOUHENDUOCUCAODELINPIAN,JUSHUOYOUZAIJIANGLUOHEXIUXISHIFANGHUADEZUOYONG(TU1D)。 

左右棋牌  WEISHENMEYAOXUANZEHUAXIANGSHENGHUO? 

  GUANYUDONGWUWEISHENMEYAOJINHUACHUHUAXIANGZHEZHONGYUNDONGFANGSHIZHUYAOYOUSANZHONGJIASHUO: 

  “BUSHIZHEJIASHUO”RENWEI,FEIXING(HUAXIANG)、XUEJUHEYEXINGDOUNENGJIANGDIBEIBUSHIDEFENGXIAN。YOUYANJIUFAXIAN,HUAXIANGBURUDONGWUDESHOUMINGXIANZHUCHANGYUQIFEIHUAXIANGDEJINQIN。DANHUAXIANGZHEZHONGYIDONGFANGSHITONGSHIYOUJIANGTAMENBAOLUZAINIAOLEIBUSHIZHEMIANQIAN。ZHEYEXUKEYIJIESHIWEISHENMESUOYOUHUAXIANGBURUDONGWUDOUSHIYEXINGXING,YINWEIYEJIANHUODONGDEBUSHIXINGNIAOLEIYAOMINGXIANSHAOYURIJIAN。 

左右棋牌  “YOUHUAMISHIJIASHUO”RENWEI,HUAMI、HUAFEN、GUOSHIZHELEIGAOZHILIANGDESHIWUZIYUANWANGWANGSHIFENSANFENBUYUSENLINGECHUDE,HUAXIANGZHEZHONGYUNDONGFANGSHIZAIFANGWENZHEXIEFENSANDEZIYUANSHI,ZAISHIJIANHEFANWEISHANGDOUBIQIBUHUIHUAXIANGDEQINQIGENGYOUYOUSHI。 

左右棋牌  “MISHIDAIJIAJIASHUO”RENWEI,“CONGDIYIKESHUXIADAODIMIAN——DIMIANDESHUIPINGYIDONG——PASHANGDIERKESHU”SHIYIZHONGGAOHAONENGDEYIDONGFANGSHI,ERHUAXIANGYUNDONGKEYIBAMEIYICIPASHUSUOHAOFEIDENENGLIANGDOUBUFENDIZHUANHUAWEISHUIPINGYIDONG,XIANRANSHIYIZHONGGENGJINGJISHIHUIDEYUNDONGFANGSHI。DANZHEYEHEDONGWUDETIZHONGYOUGUAN,JUTUISUAN,HUAXIANGXIAOLVZUIGAODETIZHONGSHI400KE,YANZHONGPIANLIZHEGEZHIDEHUAXIANGBURUDONGWUDOUSHIDIXIAODE,SHENZHIHUANBURUQIBUHUIHUAXIANGDE“QINQI”。 

  ZHEYEXUKEYIBUFENDIJIESHIWEISHENMEHUAXIANGBURUDONGWUDETIZHONGDOUZAI13.5-2700KEZHIJIAN,DANJIZHIZHIJIAN200BEIDETIZHONGCHAYIRENGRANANSHIWOMENHUAXIANGBURUDONGWUDEKONGQIDONGLIXUEZAOYIHUANYOUHENDUOWEIJIEZHIMI(TU4、5)。

  

  TU4 WUHOUCAIYONG“BEIYUESHI”HUAXIANGYUNDONG。LAIYUAN《Gliding Mammals of the World》(Jackson and Schouten 2012)

  

左右棋牌  TU5 LINGWAISANLEIHUAXIANGBURUDONGWUCAIYONG“PUMASHI”HUAXIANGYUNDONG。LAIYUAN《Gliding Mammals of the World》(Jackson and Schouten 2012)

左右棋牌  YIMOCHULENENGHUAXIANGWAI,YOUSHIHOUHUANKEYICHONGDANGYUSANHETANZI,BUYONGDESHIHOUKEYISHOUZAITICEBUYINGXIANGRICHANGHUODONG(WUHOUCHUWAI)。HUAXIANGBURUDONGWUDEQIANZHIBINGMEIYOUXIANGNIAOLEIHEBIANFUYIYANGGAODUTEHUA,RENGRANNENGZHENGCHANGDIPASHUHEZHUAWOSHIWU。ZHENGSHIZHEXIEYOURENDEHAOCHU,SHIDEBURUDONGWUZHONGDEBUTONGZHIXIYICICIDI“FEI”XIANGTIANKONG。 

  HUAXIANGBURUDONGWUDEBAOHUXIANZHUANG 

左右棋牌  HUAXIANGBURUDONGWUSUIRANKANQILAIYOUHENQIANGDEYIDONGNENGLI,DANSHIYINWEIQISHUQIXIXING,YIGECHAOGUOQIHUAXIANGJULI(30-60MI)DEKONGDIJIUKENENGCHENGWEITAMENKUOSANDEZHANGAI。SUOYIFAMUHENONGYEZAOCHENGDEQIXIDIPOSUIHUADUITAMENYINGXIANGHENDA。CIWAI,DAOLIE、CHONGWUMAOYIHEHUOZAIYEZAIYIXIEDIQUXINGCHENGWEIXIEYINSU。 

  MUQIANSHIJIEXIANSHENGDE65ZHONGHUAXIANGBURUDONGWUZHONGZHONG,2ZHONGBEIIUCNPINGGUWEIJIDUBINWEI,6ZHONGBINWEI,3ZHONGYIWEI,5ZHONGJINWEI,32ZHONGWUWEI,11ZHONGSHUJUQUEFA,HUANYOU6ZHONGYINWEIYOUFENLEIZHENGYIERWEIYUPINGGU。AODALIYAWEILEXIEZHUHUAXIANGYOUDAILEITONGGUOJIAOKUANDEMALU,ZAIDAOLULIANGCESHEZHI“QIAOLIANG”DIANXIANGANSHIYIGEYOUYIDESILU。 

  

左右棋牌TU6 YEWEISHICHANGSHANGBEIFANMAIDEWUSHU。LAIYUAN:Alex Hofford

  

  

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