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小小蜥蜴助力破譯胎生進化之謎
2019-11-19 | 作者:高偉 | 來源: | 【小  大】【打印】【關閉】

  SHUOQIBURUDONGWU,XIANGXINHENDUORENDUITAZUISHUXIDELIANGDATEZHENGJIUSHI“TAISHENG”HE“BURU”LE。RANER,DAJIAKENENGBUZHIDAODESHI,SUIRANSUOYOUBURUDONGWUDOUYOUBURUXINGWEI,DANZHEBINGFEIBURUDONGWUSUOTEYOU,2018NIANZHONGGUODEKEYANRENYUANFAXIANLEDAYIZHUYEKEYIBURUHOUDAI;LINGWAI,BINGBUSHISUOYOUDEBURUDONGWUDOUYINGTAISHENGFANZHIFANGSHI,YUANSHOUYAGANGDEWUZHONG(XIANCUNJINYOUDANKONGMU,BAOKUOYAZUISHOU、ZHENYANLEIDENG),ZEQUANBUDOUYINGLUANSHENGFANZHIMOSHI;TONGSHI,CHULEBURUDONGWUZHIWAI,TAISHENGFANZHIMOSHIZAIJIZHUIDONGWUQITALEIQUN,RUYULEI、LIANGQIDONGWUHEPAXINGDONGWUZHONGYESHIGUANGFANCUNZAIDE,ERNIAOLEIZEQUANBUWEILUANSHENGFANZHIMOSHI(TU1,BIAO1)。 

  

  TU1. JIZHUIDONGWUFANZHIFANGSHIDEDUOYANGXING。(A)LUANSHENGDAIBIAOWUZHONG;(B)TAISHENGDAIBIAOWUZHONG(TUPIANLAIZIWANGLUO) 

  SHISHISHANG,CONGJINHUASHENGWUXUEDEJIAODULAIKAN,JIZHUIDONGWUZUIYUANSHIDEFANZHIFANGSHIDOUSHILUANSHENGDE,ERTAISHENGSHIHOULAICAIYANHUACHULAIDE。TAISHENGFANZHIMOSHIZAIJIZHUIDONGWUJINHUALICHENGZHONGYOUYUE150CIDULIDEJINHUAQIYUAN,QIZHONGYINGGUYUYUEYOU13CI,RUANGUYUYUEYOU9CI,LIANGQILEIYUE8CI,BURULEI1CI,YIMIEJUEPAXINGLEI6CI,ERYOULINLEIPAXINGDONGWU(XIYI、SHE、YINXI)ZEZHISHAOYOU110DUOCI(BIAO1)。TAISHENGFANZHIMOSHIZAIJIZHUIDONGWUZHONGRUCIDUODEDULIJINHUA,SHUOMINGGAIFANZHIMOSHIJUYOUYIDINGDEYOUSHI:SHOUXIAN,PEITAIZAIMUTINEIFAYUWANQUANHOUCAICHANCHU,JIANXIAOLEWAIJIEHUANJINGDUIPEITAIFAYUDEYINGXIANG,DADAJIANGDILEPEITAIDESIWANGLV;QICI,MUTIWEIPEITAIFAYUTIGONGLESHIYIDEWENDU,ZENGQIANGLEHOUDAIDEKESHIDU。 

  NEIMEWENTILAILE,SHISHENMEYINSUCUJINLEFANZHIMOSHIYOULUANSHENGXIANGTAISHENGDEJINHUA?LUANSHENGJINHUAWEITAISHENG,XUYAONAXIESHENGLI、JIEGOUSHANGDEZHUANBIAN?ERZHEXIESHENGLI、JIEGOUZHUANBIANBEIHOUDEYICHUANXUEJIZHIYOUSHISHENMENI?YAOJIEJUESHANGSHUWENTI,SHOUXIANYAOXUANZEYIGEHESHIDEYANJIUMOXING,YOULINLEIPAXINGDONGWULISUODANGRANDIJINRULEJINHUASHENGWUXUEJIADESHIYE。GAILEIQUNYUEYOU20%DETAISHENGWUZHONG,QIDULIQIYUANCISHUCHAOGUOZHENGGEJIZHUIDONGWUDETAISHENGQIYUANCISHUDESANFENZHIER,ERQIEYOULINLEIDETAISHENGQIYUANDUOFASHENGZAIJIAODIDEFENLEIJIEYUAN(JIQINYUANGUANXIFEICHANGJINDEWUZHONGHUOZHONGQUNCHENGXIANBUTONGDEFANZHIMOSHI),BIANYUJINXINGBUTONGFANZHIMOSHIDEBIJIAOYANJIU,ZHEWEIYANJIUTAISHENGFANZHIMOSHIDEJINHUATIGONGLEYIGELIANGHAODEYANJIUTIXI。 

左右棋牌  ZAIGUOQUDEJISHINIANJIAN,KEYANRENYUANLIYONGYOULINLEIPAXINGDONGWUDUITAISHENGDEJINHUAZHANKAILEXITONGERSHENRUDEYANJIU,FAXIANYOULINLEIDETAISHENGJINHUASHIJIANJINSHIDE,JILUANSHENGZHONGTONGGUOYANCHANGLUANZAIMUTIZIGONGNEIDEZHILIUSHIJIAN,ERZHUJIANJINHUADAOTAISHENGFANZHIMOSHI。ERZAICUSHIFANZHIMOSHIFASHENGZHUANBIANDEYINSUFANGMIAN(JINHUAXUANZEYALI),MUQIANZHULIUDEJIASHUOSHIMUTICAOZONGJIASHUO,GAIJIASHUORENWEIYOUYUWAIJIEWENDUDEBUSHIYI,HUAIYUNDEMUTITONGGUOTIWENDIAOJIEDEXINGWEISHIDETINEIPEITAISUOJINGLIDEFAYUWENDUYOUBIEYUWAIJIEWENDU,ERTONGGUOTIWENDIAOJIEYOUDAODEHOUDAIBIAOXINGBIANYINENGZENGQIANGHOUDAIDESHIHEDU。LINGWAI,JIYUSHENGLI、ZUZHIXINGTAIDENGFANGMIANDEYANJIUFAXIAN,TAISHENGJINHUABANSUILUANKETUIHUA、PEITAIFUZHUHETAIPANFAYU(YONGYUMUTIXIANGPEITAIGONGGEIYINGYANGHEQITIJIAOHUAN)、SHOUJINGLUANYANCHANGZHILIU(XIANGBILUANSHENGWUZHONGDETIWAIFAYU,TAISHENGWUZHONGPEITAIFAYUWANQUANHOUCAICHANCHU,YINCIZAICHANLUAN/ZISHIJIANSHANGYAOYANCHI)、MIANYINAISHOU(TAISHENGWUZHONGPEITAIYUMUTIZUZHIZHIJIEJIECHU,MUTIXUJINHUACHUBAOHUPEITAIBUSHOUQIMIANYIXITONGSHANGHAIDEJIZHI)DENGFANGMIANXIANGYINGDEGAIBIAN。RANER,YOUYUCEXUJISHUHEFENXIFANGFADEXIANZHIYIJINANYIZHUNQUEPANDUANHESHOUJIBUTONGFANZHIMOSHIGECHAYISHIQIDEYANGPIN,ZHEXIESHENGLI、JIEGOUZHUANBIANBEIHOUDEFENZIJIZHIYIZHIDOUMEIYOUDEDAOXITONGDIJIEXI。 

左右棋牌  ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANKUNMINGDONGWUYANJIUSUOCHEJINGYANJIUYUANLINGDAODEKETIZUZAICHANGQIDEJILEIYANJIUJICHUSHANG,ZUIZHONGTIAOXUANLETAISHENGWUZHONGQINGHAISHAXI(Phrynocephalus vlangalii)HEQITONGSHUJINYUANLUANSHENGWUZHONGHUANGMOSHAXI(P. przewalskii)WEIYANJIUMOXING(TU2 & 3),LIANHEGUONEIWAIGONG6GEBUTONGLINGYU(JINHUASHENGWUXUE、PAXINGDONGWUSHENGLISHENGTAIXUE、SHENGWUXINXIXUEDENG)DEYANJIUZUZUCHENGLELIANHEGONGGUANTUANDUI。LIYONGJIYINZUXUEHEZHUANLUZUXUECEXUJISHUHEFANGFA,CHENGGONGJIEXILEQINGHAISHAXIHEHUANGMOSHAXIQUANJIYINZUSHUJU,ZAICIJICHUSHANGGOUJIANLELIANGWUZHONGZAIBUTONGFAYUSHIQIMUTISHULUANGUAN/ZIGONGZUZHIDEJIYINBIAODAPU(TU4),FAXIANCIJISUSHOUTI(ESR)YIJIYIXIESHENGCHANGYINZISHOUTIZAILIANGZHONGFANZHIMOSHIWUZHONGZHONGDESHIKONGBIAODACHAYIKENENGDAOZHILETAISHENGWUZHONGLUANKEXIAN(FENMILUANKE)DETUIHUA(TU5)YIJITAIPANDECHUXIAN,ERPTGS2HEADRB2LIANGJIYINZEZAITAISHENGWUZHONGYANCHICHANLUAN/ZIFANGMIANFAHUILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG;LINGWAI,TONGGUODUIYOULINLEIZHONGQITATAISHENGWUZHONGDUIDEQUTONGJINHUABIJIAOYANJIUXIANSHI,TAISHENGJINHUAKENENGGENGDUODISHOUJIYINBIAODADEDIAOKONG,ERFEIXULIEBIANYI。 

左右棋牌  TAISHENGDEJINHUASHIYIGEFEICHANGFUZADEGUOCHENG,ERQIBEIHOUFENZIJIZHIDEJIEXIMUQIANYEJINJINZHISHIYIGEKAIDUAN,WEILAIRENZHONGERDAOYUAN,XIWANGZHEXIAOXIAODEXIYINENGGEIWOMENDAILAIGENGDADEJINGXI。 

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